Drug Supply Chain Data Requires Lot Number and NDC
Federal and State Standards require that the supply chain tracking of drugs and the documentation of the administration of prescription drugs requires that prescription drug supply chain data be included in shipped drugs, and documented in electronic health record and immunization information systems as well as Vaccine Information Statements. This is essential for both patient safety and determining accurately what drug was provided and billed for.
The CDC, National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act, enacted in 1986, requires that Healthcare Providers Document Lot Number, Manufacturer.
Prescription Drug Supply Chain Data should include the lot number (a.k.a., batch number or code number) and classified by the NDC code.
According to CDC and the Immunization Action Coalition, “Federal requirements for documenting the vaccines administered to your patients require several data elements. The requirements are defined in the National Childhood Vaccine Injury Act (42 U.S.C. §300aa-26).[i], [ii] The law applies to all routinely recommended childhood vaccines, regardless of the age of the patient receiving the vaccines. The only vaccines not included in this law are pneumococcal polysaccharide, zoster, and certain infrequently used vaccines, such as rabies and Japanese encephalitis.
The following information must be documented on the patient’s paper or electronic medical record or on a permanent office log:
- The vaccine manufacturer.
- The lot number of the vaccine.
- The date the vaccine is administered.
- The name, office address, and title of the healthcare provider administering the vaccine.
- The Vaccine Information Statement (VIS) edition date is located in the lower right corner on the back of the VIS. When administering combination vaccines, all applicable VISs should be given, and the individual VIS edition dates recorded.
- The date the VIS is given to the patient, parent, or guardian.
The federally required information should be both permanent and accessible.”
Data Capture, Storage, and Standards Require Lot number and NDC Code in Health IT Systems and When Reporting Temperature Excursions
Lot Number is a Unique Number for Each Batch of the Product (see NDC Product Code)
A lot number is a unique number given to each batch of a manufactured product (see NDC product code below). It is also called a “lot code,” “batch number,” or “code number.” The FDA does not assign it; the manufacturer assigns it for tracking purposes to identify products that were made at the same time if there is ever a Drug Recall of the product. However, FDA does require a lot number for production and control procedures. [iii] Sometimes, drug recalls are only for affected batches, and FDA will report specific lot numbers.[iv],[v]
Lot numbers can be a combination of letters or numbers, and because the manufacturer assigns them, they have no pre-specified length and are commonly found near the expiration date. For example:
CVX and NDC codes are required and accepted according to federal agencies
National Drug Code (NDC) is a numeric code under 21 CFR 207.33. Each finished drug product or unfinished drug subject to the listing requirements of part 207 must have a unique NDC to identify its labeler, product, and package size and type.
CVX (clinical vaccines administered) and NDC are widely accepted and federally required, as noted in this page from the U.S. Health and Human Services Department Office of the National Coordinator:
NDC codes are grouped into three series of numbers:
- Labeler Code, which indicates the same manufacturer for the same labeler code
- Product code, which indicates the same drug, strength, and dosage form is essential to affirm that the correct product is accessed that matches a prescription, including strength and dosage.
- Package code which indicates package size